Ep252 haplogroup. N1a is a rare haplogroup that currently appears in only 0.2% of European populations. [5] Pockets of higher frequencies exist such as in Croatia where 0.7% of mainland Croatians, [19] 9.24% of the population on the island of Cres, [20] and 1.9% of the population on the island of Brač are members of N1a.

Haplogroup K or K-M9 is a genetic lineage within human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.A sublineage of haplogroup IJK, K-M9, and its descendant clades represent a geographically widespread and diverse haplogroup.The lineages have long been found among males on every continent except Antarctica.. The direct descendants of …

Ep252 haplogroup. I have recently transferred my 46-marker Y DNA test results from ancestry.com to FTDNA and they placed me in the I-M253 haplogroup. I will be ordering the 111 marker test from them, and will be most interested in following your I-M253 project. Cordially, Bill. E-mail correspondence from Mr William Hartley, I-M253 Haplogroup Project:

Haplogroup W is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. Origin [ edit ] Haplogroup W is believed to have originated around 23,900 years ago in Western Asia . [1]

Subclades Tree. This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup B subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation and subsequent published research.. B'R11'R24. B4'5 - China (Han from Zhanjiang, Paleolithic remains from Tianyuan Cave), the Philippines () . B4. B4-T16217C* - Vietnam (), JapanGaodang King Korguz (高唐王=趙王 闊裏吉思) Noble burials of Mongols in the Yuan dynasty in Shuzhuanglou Site (northernmost Hebei, China, 700YBP) were excavated. All three men excavated belong to Y haplogroup Q, with subclade not analysed. The most principal occupant, Gaodang King Korguz, had mtDNA of haplogroup D4m2. Two …

Haplogroup D (more specifically, subclade D4) is one of five main haplogroups found in the indigenous peoples of the Americas, the others being A, B, C, and X. Among the Nepalese population, haplogroup D is the most dominant maternal lineage in Tamang (26.1%) and Magar (24.3%). [5]We would like to show you a description here but the site won't allow us.From "Haplogroup K (mtDNA)", Wikipedia article: (this is about the origin and age of the parent haplogroup K, not K1c2) "Haplogroup K is believed to have originated in the mid-Upper Paleolithic, between about 30,000 and 22,000 years ago." "Possible time of origin [of K]: 26,700 ± 4,300 years ago (Behar 2012)"Haplogroup refers to a larger classification of individuals who share a common ancestor and possess a set of genetic markers that define their lineage. It is often used to trace human migration patterns and population genetics. On the other hand, haplotype refers to a specific combination of genetic markers or alleles on a single chromosome.The K-M526 Story. K-M526 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor K-M9 and the rest of mankind around 43,000 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 43,000 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 2 descendant lineages known as K-YSC0000186 and K-M2308.Haplogroup K or K-M9 is a genetic lineage within human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.A sublineage of haplogroup IJK, K-M9, and its descendant clades represent a geographically widespread and diverse haplogroup.The lineages have long been found among males on every continent except Antarctica.. The direct descendants of …The Honorable Dr. Yehoshua Ben Ephraim. Child of Israel: Genealogy Reckoned (1 Chronicles 9:1) Y-DNA Haplotype: E1B1A1a1F1A1. Maternal Haplotype: L3E2A1B. Tribe of Ephraim (House of Joseph) Founder of E1B1A DNA Teaching. Shalom Israel, I put out some months ago that 23andme.com changed the format so that your Paternal Haplogroup is not ...Haplogroup I is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is believed to have originated about 21,000 years ago, during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) period in West Asia ((Olivieri 2013); Terreros 2011; Fernandes 2012).The haplogroup is unusual in that it is now widely distributed geographically, but is common in only a few small areas of East …

In human genetics, a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. Haplogroups are used to represent the major branch points on the mitochondrial phylogenetic tree. Understanding the evolutionary path of the female lineage has helped population geneticists trace the matrilineal inheritance ...Haplogroups. The mark of a great journey. September 10, 2020. David. Haplogroups are an important section within the report of ancestry, to get an idea of what they are, we can imagine them as the branches of the family tree of the Homo sapiens, so that each haplogroup includes people with similar genetic profiles who share a common ancestor.According to 23andMe, men bearing haplogroup E-P252 were carried to the Bahamas in the transatlantic slave trade. This haplogroup is seen at moderate frequencies on the Bahamian islands of Abaco,...23andme states that I-L22 is "extremely rare among 23andme users" (1/110.000), and I'm trying to dig a bit deeper into this. My findings/interpretations: I-L22 originated from a guy about 1300 years ago, 23andme says. About 33% of Norwegians fall under the I-M253 haplogroup. Rough estimations based on these numbers imply that, including me ...

Cruciani's birth age for haplogroup A1b was 140,000 years ago and A00, compared to Cruciani's sample, falls at 237,000 years ago. Dr. Michael Hammer at the University of Arizona reanalyzed the haplogroup A tree and root with the new information available, and his new ages are even more amazing. Cruciani's A1b/A0 sample is now at 200,000 ...

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Haplogroup P also known as P-F5850 or K2b2 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup in human genetics.P-F5850 is a branch of K2b (previously Haplogroup MPS; P331), which is a branch of Haplogroup K2 (K-M526).. The haplogroup K2b splits into K2b1 (haplogroup MS*) and K2b2 (haplogroup P-F580, Y-DNA P*). Basal P* (P-PF5850*) is found in Southeast Asia. The primary branches (clades) of P-F580 are P-P295 ...Haplogroup R2, or R-M479, is a Y-chromosome haplogroup characterized by genetic marker M479. It is one of two primary descendants of Haplogroup R (R-M207), the other being R1 (R-M173). R-M479 has been concentrated geographically in South Asia and Central Asia since prehistory. It appears to reach its highest levels among the Burusho …Haplogroup H is the most common mtDNA haplogroup in Europe. Approximately 40% of all people in Europe have a maternal lineage belonging to haplogroup H. It is widespread, but it is also a relatively new branch of the human family tree (Fig 1). Figure 1. Mitochondrial haplogroup tree, updated 2022.Y-DNA Haplogroup J and its Subclades - 2008 The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page. Version History Last revision date for this specific page: 26 September 2008 Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree changes and ISOGG does its best to ...

Haplogroup E-M2, also known as E1b1a1-M2, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.E-M2 is primarily distributed within Africa followed by West Asia. More specifically, E-M2 is the predominant subclade in West Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa, and the region of the African Great Lakes; it also occurs at moderate frequencies in North Africa, and the Middle East.The effects on obesity on physical health is widely known; however, we're starting to learn how it affects the human brain, too. The number of overweight and obese people (those wi...Haplogroup R1a. Haplogroup R1a, or haplogroup R-M420, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup which is distributed in a large region in Eurasia, extending from Scandinavia and Central Europe to Central Asia, southern Siberia and South Asia. [3] [2] While one genetic study indicates that R1a originated 25,000 [2] years ago, its subclade M417 ...Per African Ancestry which has the largest sample size of African DNA, my enslavement era paternal DNA (E-P252) is common among the Bamileke people of Cameroon. Since our haplogroup existed widely in Kemet (ancient Egypt), its presence in Cameroon makes sense.The E1B1A Hebrew Israelite Haplogroup Nation. · February 28, 2017 ·. *IMPORTANT INFORMATION*. I have been reading and hearing about how 23andMe has changed the Haplogroup Format from the very simple E1B1A, To "E" and other numbers and nomenclatures not making it readily and visually identifiable as E1B1A (and ALL of it's sub groups) I believe ...The R-P297 Story. R-P297 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor R-L389 and the rest of mankind around 15,000 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 12,000 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 2 descendant lineages known as R-M269 and R-M73. The E-U174 Story. E-U174 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor E-Z1711 and the rest of mankind around 3600 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 2750 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 3 descendant lineages known as E-CTS7305, E-Z5961, and E-FT64986. R-P312 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor R-L151 and the rest of mankind around 3000 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 2800 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 10 descendant lineages known as R-DF19, R-L238, R-A9063, R-Y18211, R-Z290, R-BY25512 ...Aug 25, 2015 · Haplogroups are genetic classifications or ancestral groupings within a population, typically defined by shared, inherited genetic markers or mutations. These markers are passed down from a common ancestor. They can be traced through the analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) for maternal haplogroups and the Y chromosome for paternal haplogroups. Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine News: This is the News-site for the company Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine on Markets Insider Indices Commodities Currencies StocksThe “Y-Results -> View Y-SNPs” page allows you to check the value of SNPs in all samples of a group by entering the name of SNPs separated by commas. Similarly, on the “Y-Results -> View Y-STRs” page, you can STRs of the entire group. Interacting with a group on YFull. In the header, the names of the markers are listed.Haplogroup C is a major Y-chromosome haplogroup, defined by UEPs M130/RPS4Y711, P184, P255, and P260, which are all SNP mutations.It is one of two primary branches of Haplogroup CF alongside Haplogroup F.Haplogroup C is found in ancient populations on every continent except Africa and is the predominant Y-DNA haplogroup among males …E-U290 (Y-DNA) This project is a meeting place for users who share the E-U290 Y-DNA haplogroup, which means they are related along their paternal lines. Users in this group may want to share their family trees with each other to find overlaps and merge duplicate profiles in order to join or expand the World Family Tree and discover new relatives.7 January 2007, 11:58 PM. According to the Genographic project the Natufians were the first people to settle down and really start on the road to agriculture. Spencer Wells links haplogroup J2 to the Natufians. Now there is a very good chance that many of the Natufians were in haplogroup J2 but they lived in the area which is now Israel and ...The haplogroup browser represents the established most recent Phylotree haplogroups in convenient searchable format and provides the number of EMPOP sequences assigned to the respective haplogroups by EMMA. Note that EMPOP provides the MRCA haplogroup if multiple haplogroup assignments are feasible. Individual haplogroups can also be found by ...R-P312 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor R-L151 and the rest of mankind around 3000 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 2800 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 10 descendant lineages known as R-DF19, R-L238, R-A9063, R-Y18211, R-Z290, R-BY25512 ...I-M223 Y-Haplogroup Project is for males that have tested or are predicted M223+ and subgroups. I-M223 is also known as I2-M223 or I2a1b1 by ISOGG as of 29th June 2018 and was previously known as I2a2a and before that as I2b1 and I1c.The haplotype is used to identify the haplogroup of an individual. Thus, the haplogroup represents a group of people who have inherited common genetic characteristics from the same most recent common ancestor (MRCA) going back several thousand years. All humans belong to haplogroups which are designated according to …

Haplogroup R1b (R-M343), previously known as Hg1 and Eu18, is a human Y-chromosome haplogroup.. It is the most frequently occurring paternal lineage in Western Europe, as well as some parts of Russia (e.g. the Bashkirs) and across the Sahel in Central Africa, namely: Cameroon, Chad, Guinea, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal (concentrated in parts of Chad with concentration in the ... In human genetics, Haplogroup J-M172 or J2 [Phylogenetics 1] is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a subclade (branch) of haplogroup J-M304. [Phylogenetics 2] Haplogroup J-M172 is common in modern populations in Western Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, Southern Europe, Northwestern Iran and North Africa. It is thought that J-M172 may have ... As U.S. homeownership declines, startups like Landa and Fintor are helping people invest in real estate without much upfront capital. Although real estate is the world’s biggest as...Haplogroup E; Possible time of origin: 35,000 to 8,000 YBP: Possible place of origin: east Sundaland or Fujian coast: Ancestor: M9: Descendants: E1, E2: Defining mutations: 3027, 3705, 7598, 13626, 16390: In human mitochondrial genetics, haplogroup E is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup typical for the Malay Archipelago.This date is an estimate based on genetic information only. With a 95% probability, the most recent common ancestor of all members of haplogroup R-Z12 was born between the years 909 and 108 BCE. The most likely estimate is 477 BCE, rounded to 500 BCE. This estimate will likely change in the future as more people test and we improve the method.Haplogroup V is a relatively rare mtDNA haplogroup, occurring in around 4% of native Europeans. [4] Its highest concentration is among the Saami people of northern Fennoscandia (~59%). It has been found at a frequency of approximately 10% among the Maris of the Volga-Ural region, leading to the suggestion that this region might be the source of ...N1a is a rare haplogroup that currently appears in only 0.2% of European populations. [5] Pockets of higher frequencies exist such as in Croatia where 0.7% of mainland Croatians, [19] 9.24% of the population on the island of Cres, [20] and 1.9% of the population on the island of Brač are members of N1a.A checkbook holder serves the purpose of holding and protecting your checks and account balancing forms. There are many different types and styles of checkbook holders. Checkbook h...

I-M223 Y-DNA Haplogroup Project - Y-DNA Colorized Chart. For genealogy within the most recent fifteen generations, STR markers help define paternal lineages. Y-DNA STR markers change (mutate) often enough that most men who share the same STR results also share a recent paternal lineage. This page displays Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) STR results ...I am currently trying to identify my daughter's paternal great-grandfather. All I have is R-CTS9219 and an Aegean Island cluster on Ancestry that seem to come from the Island of Andros and the knowledge he spent at least a day in New York City in likely January of 1947. I have not had a single R-CTS9219 match on 23andme, gedmatch and well ...The term haplogroup is a combination of haplotype and group. In this context, haplotype refers either to the DNA sequence of one's mitochondrial DNA, which is inherited from one's mother, or to the DNA sequence of one's Y chromosome, which is passed from fathers to their sons. Due to their unusual pattern of inheritance, the mitochondrial DNA ...The CMH is found within Haplogroup J-M267 (J1) on the Y-chromosome ancestral tree. Haplogroup J-M267 (J1) is commonly referred to as 'Semitic' or 'Mediterranean' because of its elevated frequency in those areas. However, Haplogroup J-M267's highest frequency (and greatest diversity) is in Iraq and in the Zagros mountain range found in Western Iran.The E-M2 Story. E-M2 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor E-V38 and the rest of mankind around 38,000 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 15,000 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 2 descendant lineages known as E-M4901 and E-FT183172.These aren't tribe markers. They are too old. The more recent SNP markers within the last 500 years or less are "tribe" or ethnic group markers.Current population genetics suggests, that E1b1b1a evolved some 22,500 years ago in the Middle East. A subset, E-V13 (E1b1b1a1b*) individuals migrated from the Middle East and Western Asia into the Balkans around 4500 years ago (Balkan Bronze Age). The "Balkan Bronze Age Theory " became a true competitor to the previous theory (Neolithic ...Haplogroup J-M304, also known as J, [Phylogenetics 1] is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.It is believed to have evolved in Western Asia. The clade spread from there during the Neolithic, primarily into North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Socotra Archipelago, the Caucasus, Europe, Anatolia, Central Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia.. …Haplogroup G-M377 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup and is defined by the presence of the M377 mutation. It is a branch of Haplogroup G2b-M3115, which in turn is defined by the presence of the M3115 mutation. It was found among Pashtuns, who are classified as Iranic and on much lower scale among all major Jewish groups, Palestinians, Lebanese and Syrians (See also page covering Jews with Haplogroup ...Y-DNA Haplogroup I and its Subclades - 2016. The entire work is identified by the Version Number and date given on the Main Page. Directions for citing the document are given at the bottom of the Main Page. Version History Last revision date for this specific page: 11 July 2016. Because of continuing research, the structure of the Y-DNA ...This date is an estimate based on genetic information only. With a 95% probability, the most recent common ancestor of all members of haplogroup I-Z180 was born between the years 1591 and 658 BCE. The most likely estimate is 1090 BCE, rounded to 1100 BCE. This estimate will likely change in the future as more people test and we improve the method.Defining mutations. V68, L539, PF2203 [4] Haplogroup E-V68, also known as E1b1b1a, is a major human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup found in North Africa, the Horn of Africa, Western Asia and Europe. It is a subclade of the larger and older haplogroup, known as E1b1b or E-M215 (also roughly equivalent to E-M35). The E1b1b1a lineage is identified by ...Haplogroup E-M215. E-M215 or E1b1b, formely known as E3b, is a major human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. E-M215 has two basal branches, E-M35 and E-M281. E-M35 is primarily distributed in North Africa and the Horn of Africa, and occurs at moderate frequencies in the Middle East, Europe, and Southern Africa. E-M281 occurs at a low frequency in ...Here's the shortest version: the small genetic material identified in haplotypes can be used to sort people's ancestry. These 8 haplogroups are the oldest in the world! Therefore, they indicate the genetic lines of people and the regions they come from that are the oldest we've been able to identify. 8. Haplogroup K.Sep 12, 2020 · Your maternal haplogroup is assigned based on the variants in your mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), while your paternal haplogroup is based on your Y-chromosome (Y-DNA). Only males can find their paternal haplogroup. Both males and females can find their maternal haplogroup. Because a woman does not carry YDNA, if she wants to determine her paternal ... Haplogroup J-M304, also known as J, [Phylogenetics 1] is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It is believed to have evolved in Western Asia. [2] The clade spread from there during the Neolithic, primarily into North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Socotra Archipelago, the Caucasus, Europe, Anatolia, Central Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia ... These 23 Y chromosome mutations are shared by everyone in this haplogroup. They show a paternal lineage of father-son relationships that have accumulated mutations over time.Haplogroup D or D-CTS3946 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup.Like its relative distant sibling, haplogroup E-M96, D-CTS3946 has the YAP+ unique-event polymorphism, which defines their parent, haplogroup DE.. Subclades of haplogroup D-CTS3946 are found primarily in East Asia, though they are also found regularly with low frequency in Central Asia and Southeast Asia, and have also been found ...Haplogroup H2a2a1. 542 likes. Genographic project participants who have the Mtdna H2a2a1.

There are three key changes compared to the 2008 phylogeny. Firstly, haplogroup E-M2 (former E1b1a) and haplogroup E-M329 (former E1b1c) are now …

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The terminal Y haplogroup and position on the YTree are available for free to Nebula Genomics. Other parts of the Y chromosome report can be unlocked for a $45 fee. Sample Hg and SNPs report. This area displays your Y haplogroup and a link to YTree, as well as a list of terminal SNPs that are common to all samples belonging to your haplogroup. ...This date is an estimate based on genetic information only. With a 95% probability, the most recent common ancestor of all members of haplogroup R-U152 was born between the years 3203 and 1966 BCE. The most likely estimate is 2543 BCE, rounded to 2550 BCE. This estimate will likely change in the future as more people test and we improve the method.Haplogroup H is the most common mtDNA haplogroup in Europe. Approximately 40% of all people in Europe have a maternal lineage belonging to haplogroup H. It is widespread, but it is also a relatively new branch of the human family tree (Fig 1). Figure 1. Mitochondrial haplogroup tree, updated 2022. This date is an estimate based on genetic information only. With a 95% probability, the most recent common ancestor of all members of haplogroup E-V22 was born between the years 7938 and 5511 BCE. The most likely estimate is 6640 BCE, rounded to 6650 BCE. This estimate will likely change in the future as more people test and we improve the method. Haplogroup CF, also known as CF-P143 and CT(xDE), is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.This paternal lineage is defined by the SNP P143. The clade's existence and distribution are inferred from the fact that haplogroups descended from CF include most human male lineages in Eurasia, Oceania and The Americas.. CF is an immediate descendant of the Haplogroup CT (CT-M168), and is the sibling of ...The E-M96 Story. E-M96 's paternal line was formed when it branched off from the ancestor DE-M145 and the rest of mankind around 60,000 BCE. The man who is the most recent common ancestor of this line is estimated to have been born around 48,000 BCE. He is the ancestor of at least 2 descendant lineages known as E-M75 and E-CTS9083.Hello World Salt & Tar is a husband and wife duo determined to build a 35 foot custom George Buehler designed wooden gaff ketch sailboat; documenting their undertaking. 2.5 years into the project ...Haplogroup C1 also known as C-F3393, is a major Y-chromosome haplogroup.It is one of two primary branches of the broader Haplogroup C, the other being C2 (also known as C-M217; the former Haplogroup C3).. The basal paragroup, C1* (C-F3393*), has not been found in samples from living or dead males.. Of the two primary branches, C1b is common in parts of Oceania and Asia.

lisa arrindell net worthmercury xr2 black maxlacounty juryowings mills breaking news Ep252 haplogroup marlo real housewives of atlanta net worth [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-4993 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-4387 International Sales 1-800-241-8174 Packages 1-800-800-4375 Representatives 1-800-323-3797 Assistance 1-404-209-2357. Haplogroup U4 is found at a frequency ranging from 2% to 6% in most regions of Europe. Its highest frequency is observed among the Chuvash (16.5%), Bashkirs (15%) and Tatars (7%) of the Volga-Ural region of Russia, followed by Latvia (8.5%), Georgia (8.5%), Serbia (7%), and southern Daghestan (6.5%). Generally speaking, U4 is more common in .... david auto sales in waycross ga The tripartite structure of E1b1 has now been resolved by virtue of the new markers V38 and V100, which combined haplogroup E-M2 (former E1b1a) with E-M329 …The Y Haplogroup classification of the male Y-chromosome is currently used to estimate the population group of the paternal line. The haplogroups are identified by the letters, A through T. Haplogroups are subdivided into one or more levels, called subclades, and thus forming a tree. The Y-chromosome haplogroup is determined by performing a ... how to get gold in pro am 2k23deltaalternatives Haplogroup T is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is believed to have originated around 25,100 years ago in the Near East. Mitochondrial clade T derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to the mtDNA haplogroup J. The T maternal clade is thought to have emanated from the Near East (Bermisheva 2002). The basal haplogroup T* is found among Algerians in Oran (1.67%) and ... 7800 tuckaseegee rd charlotte nc2003 honda crv starter location New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. Haplogroup H is the most common and most diverse maternal lineage in Europe, in most of the Near East and in the Caucasus region. The Saami of Lapland are the only ethnic group in Europe who have low percentages of haplogroup H, varying from 0% to 7%. The frequency of haplogroup H in Europe usually ranges between 40% and 50%.Haplogroup L-M20 is a human Y-DNA haplogroup, which is defined by SNPs M11, M20, M61 and M185. As a secondary descendant of haplogroup K and a primary branch of haplogroup LT, haplogroup L currently has the alternative phylogenetic name of K1a, and is a sibling of haplogroup T (a.k.a. K1b).. The presence of L-M20 has been observed at varying levels throughout South Asia, peaking in populations ...The haplogroup originated about 17,000 years ago in the pockets of western Africa that were habitable at the time, when much of the continent was extremely dry due to Ice Age climate conditions.Over ten thousand years later, men bearing haplogroup E-M180 migrated throughout sub-Saharan Africa, spurred by the dvelopment of agriculture and iron ...